The Thing You Need To Know About A Medical Laboratory
A medical laboratory is a place where the tests for the clinical specimen will be done in order to get the information needed for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of a disease on a patient. Clinical laboratories are not the same as the research laboratories because they focus on applied science mainly on the production like basis an not on the basic science on an academic basis.
Laboratory medicine usually have two departments on which each unit will be divided into a number of different units. This article will provide you with the two departments below.
Anatomic pathology – the units under this department are the cytopathology, electron microscopy, and histopathology. Academically, each of the units can be studied alone in a single course. There are other courses that are related in this department and they are pathology, physiology, pathophysiology, and histology.
Clinical pathology that contains the following:
Clinical microbiology – this surrounds five various sciences. The units included here are mycology, immunology, parasitology, virology, and bacteriology.
Clinical chemistry: the units included in this section are enzymology, endocrinology, toxicology, and the instrumental analysis of blood components.
Hermatology – this units that are under this section are the manual and automated analysis of blood cells. The blood bank and the coagulation are the two subunits in this section.
Genetics is studied also alongside a subspecialty which is the cytogenetics.
Reproductive biology – the units in this section include the assisted reproductive technology, sperm bank, and semen analysis.
The distribution of clinical laboratories to each health institutions will be different from place to place. An example for this is that some health institutions will have one lab intended for microbiology while some will not have a lab for microbiology but will have different labs for each unit.
Below are a detailed analysis on the responsibilities of the laboratory equipments for urinalysis and hermatology.
You should take note of the clinical specimen that can be received by microbiology like the possible infected tissues, urine, synovial fluid, sputum, blood, cerebrospinal fluid, feces, and swabs. The main work here is focused on cultures, looking for possible pathogens that if found, will be identified further based on biochemical tests. There will also be a need to know if a pathogen is resistant or sensitive to a given medicine by doing a sensitivity test. Results will be reported together with the determined organism or organisms, and the type and quantity of drugs that will be given to a patient.
The types of medical laboratories
In a lot of countries, there are two main types of medical laboratories that will process most of the medical specimens. The laboratories that are attached to the hospitals will perform different tests for the patients. Private laboratories will analyze the samples from insurance companies, clinical research sites, health clinics, and general practitioners. There are so many websites that can provide you with more information about medical laboratories, just click here for more.